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维基百科(英文版):Bi Kidude,桑给巴尔的音乐旗帜性人物之一

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发表于 2014-5-24 17:35:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
Fatuma binti Baraka (c.1910s– 17 April 2013),also known as Bi Kidude, was a Zanzibari-born TanzanianTaarab singer. She is considered theundisputed queen of Taarab and Unyago music and was inspired by Siti binti Saad. Bi Kidude was born in the village ofMfagimaringo, she was the daughter of a coconut seller in colonial Zanzibar. BiKidude's exact date of birth is unknown, much of her life story isuncorroborated, giving her an almost mythical status.

In 2005, Bi Kidude received the prestigious WOMEX award for her outstanding contributionto music and culture in Zanzibar. She died on 17 April 2013.

1、Earlylife
As a child,she was singled out for her fine voice and, in the 1920s, sang locally withpopular cultural troupes, combining an understanding of music with an equallyimportant initiation into traditional medicine. At age 13, after a forcedmarriage, she fled Zanzibar to mainland Tanzania. Bi Kidude toured mainland East Africa with a taarab ensemble, visiting the majorcoastal towns and inland as far west as Lake Victoria and Tanganyika. She walked the length and the breadth of the countrybarefoot in the early 1930s, fleeing another unhappy marriage. In the 1930s,she ended up in Dar es Salaam, where she sang with Egyptian Taarab group formany years. In the 1940s, she returned to Zanzibar, where she acquired a smallmud hut to be her home. She is known for her role in theUnyago movement which prepares young Swahili women fortheir transition through puberty. She was one of the experts of this ancientritual, performed only to teenage girls, which uses traditional rhythms toteach women to pleasure their husbands, while lecturing against the dangers ofsexual abuse and oppression. Moreover Bi Kidude goes down history as one of thegreatest music composer characterized by real African tune as featured toAfrican culture, some of commentators considered her to be "the myth"and "the legend". The very bad lack of her is that, there is no any publishedbook documenting her life apart from the known video documentary "As oldas my Toungue-The Myth and Life of Bi Kidude" by director Andy Jones. Someof musical experts call upon the *** of United Republic Of Tanzania tocome up with full Biography of this icon.

2Fame within Zanzibar
Her fame hasbeen widely acknowledged throughout the local Zanzibari and Zazibari tourismcommunity, with the luxury hotel on the island, '236 Hurumzi', naming theirrestaurant 'Kidude' in her honour. She was often found residing within thelobby of this hotel in Stonetown.
3、Musicalworks
Bi Kidude hasworked with various Taarab groups, but her first solo work is called Zanzibar, it demonstrates Bi Kidude at the peak of herperforming power.

4Awards and nominations
Honours
  
Order
  
Country
Year

Medal for Arts and Sports
Tanzania
2012

Awards·                 2005 WOMEX awardNominations·        2011 Tanzania Music Awards - Best Collaboration & BestTraditional Song ('Ahmada' with Offside trick)



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